5 1 Consumer Health Information

1 What is it?

Main topic

Whitin the concept there is an important word that makes us understand what we are talking about: «consumers».


Consumer Health Information is done precisely in order to educate and help the users of medical services. It helps to make choices about several fields of medicine like treatments, prevention, diseases, health-related options and so more.

2 How to prevent disinformation


Today’s problems

Nowadays we know how dangerous disinformation can be and unfortunately the medical field is one of the most subjects at risk.

Consumer’s rush

Most of consumers of health information wants to find the answers to its questions in a very quick way but it can be very stressful to find yourself immersed in so many web pages. In addition to that, not everything you see on internet is legitimate. How can we solve this problem?

How to recognize fake criteria

The consumer should check several tools to see the credibility of the website where is on. The main characteristics to look out for are the following: the author, the date, the objectivity, the purpose, the transparency and the usability. Starting learning how to evaluate for the trusting criteria will help the user to filter the fake informations.

3 CRAAP test

The CRAAP Test

It is a set of criteria which will help the consumer to determinate the credibility of a website and its legitimacy.
1) Currency: is the date of publication appropriate? Has the information been revised?
2) Relevance: does the site answer to your question? Is it related to your topic?
3) Authority: who is the author? Is he/she qualified to write about the topic?
4) Accuracy: are there grammar mistakes? Is the writing style suitable for the topic?
5) Purpose: is the info a fact or an opinion? Are there any biases or is it completely unpersonal?

4 Medical Trust


Trust your doctor

Although the users can do all possible research to ensure the validity of the information they find on the web they must never substitute the figure of the doctor for an internet search which, although it may be in-depth and credible, is not comparable to the doctor’s knowledge and approach. In fact is always advisable to seek medical advice also to ensure the functionality of the treatments to which one wishes to undergo.

5 Integral care: MedlinePlus

Integral care

Complementary and integrative medicine is a program of the MedlinePlus. This program uses complementary medicine together with the mainstream medical care. Although they are two types of care, they are used together to provides and facilitates the health both the patient. This is wat it is called "integral medicine”, because it comparands both types.
However, to minimize your health risks of a non-typical medical treatment you should talk with your doctor and then choose carefully what is the best way for yourself after discussing with experts about the various types of treatment.

6 Drug and Medication Information

A)What is medication?

Medication is a drug used to treat on ilness,relieve a symptom, or modify a chemical process in the body. A medication may be injected, inhaled, ingested, or applied topically

B)How do medications work?

The action of a medication depends on its chemical structure and how it interacts with the body.Some medications work by binding to receptors on the cells, which then triggers a change in the cells.Other medications work by altering the levels of certain chemicals in the body.
What are some tips for taking medications safely?
It is important to follow the instructions on the prescription label and take the medication as directed. Some other tips for taking medications safely include: avoiding alcohol, driving carefully, operating machinery only when it is safe to do so, and telling your healthcare provider about all the medications you are taking.

7 Diseases and Conditions

Diseases are conditions that cause an abnormal functioning of the body or mind. Diseases can be caused by a variety of things, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. Some diseases are hereditary, while others are acquired through exposure to certain substances or factors. Diseases can also be chronic (long-term) or acute (short-term). Treatment for a disease may include medication, surgery, or lifestyle changes.







8 Teenager Health

Internet is the top source of information for teenagers. You can get easily a lot of information about diseases and everyone can contribute to the information stored on the web.
However this situation can also make it difficult to figure out what’s true or helpful and what isn’t.
Many teenagers trust information because the website itself looks professional, but this shouldn't be the only reason to trust a website:
1)Source 2)Conflict of interest 3)Editorial review process 4)Evidence based 5) Extreme claims Not related

9 Indigenous Health

On internet health professionals can share information through their online forums with other stakeholders as part of the effort to improve Indigenous health, these forums are designed to allow health professionals, policy makers and other stakeholders to share information and knowledge from different states, regions, backgrounds and communities.


The National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation is a national peak body that represents more than 150 Aboriginal across Australia in remote, rural and urban settings.
The website provides an array of information relevant to any health professional working, or looking to work, in Indigenous health


The Indigenous and Rural Health Division aims to improve access for Aboriginal to effective health care services essential to improving health and life expectancy, and reducing child mortality and to improve access to health services for all people living in regional, rural and remote Australia

10 LGBTQ Health

In addition to considering the needs of LGBTQ people in programs designed to improve the health of entire communities, there is also a need for culturally competent medical care and prevention services that are specific.

LGBT Health is a journal covering healthcare as it relates to lgbtq individuals.

11 Mental Health


Mental health is the key to our well-being. We cannot be truly healthy without it. It involves how we feel, think, act and interact with the world around us. Mental health is about realizing our potential, dealing with the normal stresses of life and making a contribution to our community.It is about living well and feeling capable despite the challenges


Build a healthy self-esteem. It’s being able to see all your abilities and weaknesses together, accept them and do your best with what you have. Self-esteem means recognizing your unique talents and skills and using that confidence to follow your goals. Do it by increasing self-confidence: we all have positive and negative sides. We build trust by developing our weakest areas and remembering things we’re proud of.

Build positive support networks

People in our networks can offer many different types of support, such as emotional support, practical help and alternative views. Support can come from family and friends, neighbors, co-workers or classmates, religious communities, clubs or support groups for specific problems. Make time only to be with the important people in your life. Find time simply to have fun and enjoy each other’s company and time for serious conversations.

Build up the resilience

Resilience means dealing well with problems, stress and other difficult situations. ++++ Problems and stress are a normal part of life. Situations such as accidents or illnesses, unexpected life changes and conflicts happen to everyone. Resilience is what helps you to look at the situation realistically, to act when you can make changes, to let go of things you can’t change and to recognize the useful media in your life.
Take time to think about the resilience tools you already have. This could include skills such as structured problem solving or people who can help you in difficult situations. Remember to include strategies that have worked for you in the past.



The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as a "state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not simply as the absence of disease or infirmity'". One cannot speak of good health if nutrition is not adequate.

Food education is the first and effective prevention tool for health protection, both as an action and as a prevention.
A varied and balanced diet is the basis of a healthy life. Poor eating habits and a sedentary lifestyle are a major risk factor for the onset of many chronic diseases.

13 Your guide to a healthy pregnancy


A) If you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, the safest choice is not to drink alcohol.

B) Quitting smoking or vaping during pregnancy can have significant positive health effects for both you and your baby.

C) Have your teeth cleaned and your oral health checked by an oral health professional, preferably in your first trimester of pregnancy. Be sure to mention that you are pregnant.

D) Integrate exercise into your pregnancy routine to help you stay healthy and feel better.

E) Remember to take care of your mental health.

F) If your pregnancy is healthy and proceeds smoothly, sex is safe for you and your baby.

G) Make sure your vaccinations are up to date to offer you and your child the best protection against vaccine-preventable diseases.

H) Breast milk is so complete that it is the only food or drink your baby needs for the first 6 months.

14 The importance of motor rehabilitation


Following a trauma, after undergoing surgery or when there is severe pain, professional intervention is required to restore the proper functioning of the joints.
Choosing a professional is crucial not only for the success of the rehabilitation treatment, but also to avoid worsening the situation, not to run the risk of interrupting the recovery phase or get hurt due to wrong movements.
Taking a rehabilitation course with a professional is the first step to regain your motor independence.

15 Sexual health


Main concepts

Sexual health touches on intimate aspects, but also involves society and coexistence. Therefore, sexual health is a State task and is integrated into public health policies.
Based on the WHO concept, the Federal Commission on Sexual Health developed a definition of sexual health for Switzerland in 2015. This definition covers the following five fields of action:
Promotion, maintenance and restoration of sexual health as a component of mental health (access for all people, sexual rights)
Promotion, maintenance and restoration of reproductive health (contraception, pregnancy)
Prevention, screening and treatment of HIV, other sexually transmitted infections of genital infections (sexually transmitted infections)
Sex education (sexual health education)

16 References


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